for the first time india hoasted 13th COP (conference of parties) at gandhinagar, gujrat on February 2020.
it is a environment treaty of united nation under united nations environment program. it is also called as Bonn convention.
Bonn is a place in Germany.
it is a very special convention because it gives legal foundation to conserve not only terrestial migretory species but also aquatic and avian migratoey species. throughout the range where conservation is to be achieved by international coordination.
it brings together states through which there migratory animal pass and range state of migratory species.
here range means all the areas of land or water that a migratory species inhabits, stay in temporarily, crosses or overflys at any time on its normal route.
range state means any state that exercise jurisdiction over any part of the range of the range of a migratory species.
it is the only convention specialising in the conservation of migratory species, ther habitat and migratory routes.
this convention has two appendices. and cites convention has 3 appendix.
appendix one contain the list of species that are threatened with extention, strict protection is priscribed for species under appendix one. and the range state were asked to conserve and restore the places, where this species live and also mitigate obstacles to migration and controlling other features that might endenger them
appendix two contain tyhe migratory species that need or significantly benefit grom internatinal cooperation.
some species can be listed into both appendices if circumstances permit.
the range state encouraged to conclude global and reginall agreement by there convention.
the CMS convention acts as a framework convention, they may result into legally binding treaty, MoU etc.
it entered into force in 1 November 1987 and india is party to the bonn convention.
in the administrative structure there is scientific council which provide advice to CoP on scientific matters.
CoP is decision making organ of CMS
it meets every three year, recently 13th COP was held in gandhinagar Gujrat.
outcome of 13th COP (india):
indian proposal to include 3 species in appendix one of convention was accepted.
these three species were:
- great indian bustered : it act as crucial indicator of grassland ecosystem
- asian elephant help in regeneration of forest by dispersing seeds, they are national heritage animal in india.
- bengal florican
all these 3 species are protected under legally highist protection available i.e, they are listed in schedule one of wild file protection act 1970.
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