Atal Bhujal Yojana launched in December 2019 on the 95th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, on 25 December 2019. On the same day, Prime Minister also named the Rohtang tunnel as Atal tunnel, this tunnel connects Manali (Himachal Pradesh) to Leh in (Ladakh).
Bhujal means underground water and yojana means scheme. It is scheme on groundwater conservation.
- To address the criticality of groundwater resources.
- The purpose of the scheme is to improve groundwater management in seven states of India.
- states such as Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh are found to be more vulnerable to problems of low groundwater.
- To improve groundwater management in priority areas through community participation
- It Identified districts: 78 priority districts in the country.
- To promote panchayat-led groundwater management and behavioral change with a primary focus on demand-side
It has two important component:
- Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building
- Incentive Component for incentivizing the States for achievements in improved groundwater management practices.
Time Period: To be implemented for a 5-year period – 2020-21 to 2024-25.
Scheme type: A Central Sector Scheme, meaning state need not share financial burden for scheme. it is totally taken care by center.
Total outlay: Rs. 6000 Crores. 50% support from the World Bank through loans and 50% support from central govt through regular budgetary support and the repayment of the loan will be lone by the center.
This scheme is formulated to address the critical state of ground water in the country. The scheme aims to improve ground water management in the priority area through community participation.
for the implementation of the yojana 78 districts have been prioritized, which are the most affected districts of groundwater discharge. it seeks to promote panchayat groundwater management and behavior change with a primary focus on demand-side management.
There will be call to stop wastage of water and also to conserve the water, so as to reduce the demand of groundwater.
This practice includes data designation, preparation of the water security plan, and implementing management interventions with the conversions of various schemes and also adopting demand-side management practices.
jal shakti abhiyaan:
- it is a time bond mission for the water conservation program.
- it is a water conservation campaign.
it is implemented in 2 phase :
- The first phase is going to be implemented from July to September
- The second phase is going to be implemented from October to November.
Jal Jivan Mission:
It is centrally sponsored scheme, one of objective is to promote functional household tap connection to every rural household by the year 2024.
National Water Mission:
- It organized a workshop on rainwater harvesting and artificial recharge structures for water conservation.
- Workshop titles as cath the rainfall where it falls.
- It is developed under the National Action Plan on Climate Change.